The Rawalpindi Agreement of 1919, also known as the Rawalpindi Declaration, was a significant event in the history of India`s independence struggle. It was signed between the British government and the Indian National Congress to discuss the future course for India after World War I. The agreement is an important topic for the UPSC exam as it has relevance to the Indian freedom struggle.
The Rawalpindi Agreement was signed on March 30, 1919, between the British Government and the Indian National Congress. The signing of the agreement marked the end of the World War I and the beginning of the post-war negotiations between India and Britain. The agreement was signed by Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy of India, and the Congress President, Madan Mohan Malaviya.
The agreement addressed several issues related to India`s future and agreed to establish a system of responsible government in India. It also acknowledged the need for greater representation of Indians in the administration and extended franchise to some categories of people. The agreement also discussed the possibility of India`s participation in the League of Nations.
However, the most significant aspect of the Rawalpindi Agreement was the promise made by the British Government to provide a constitutional and administrative framework for India to move towards self-government. This promise was based on the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms that aimed at increasing Indian participation in the governance of the country.
The Rawalpindi Agreement was a crucial milestone in the Indian independence movement. It paved the way for the formation of the Government of India Act 1919, which was followed by the Government of India Act 1935. These acts provided the legal framework for India to move towards self-government and eventually led to the country`s independence.
In conclusion, the Rawalpindi Agreement of 1919 was a significant event in India`s struggle for independence. It marked the beginning of negotiations between India and Britain to establish self-government in India. The agreement addressed several issues related to India`s future and had a profound impact on the subsequent political developments in the country. As an aspirant preparing for the UPSC exam, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the significance of the Rawalpindi Agreement and its impact on the Indian independence movement.